TYPES OF OSTEOTOMY SURGERY

osteotomy

An Osteotomy also known as “Bone Cutting” is a surgical operation whereby a bone is cut to shorten or lengthen it or to change its alignment.

It is sometimes done to relieve pain of Arthritis, or to straighten a bone that has healed crookedly following a fracture or is performed to correct a deformity. The surgery is done under general anesthesia.

TYPES OF OSTEOTOMY SURGERY

Osteotomy surgery can be of different types depending on the body part on which the surgery is performed:

Knee-Osteotomy

Knee Osteotomy: Knee osteotomy is used to realign the knee joint so that the weight-bearing function is shifted from the damaged side to the healthy side of the knee. This prevents the arthritic surfaces from rubbing against each other. The surgery involves cutting or reshaping the shinbone (tibia) or thighbone (femur) so as to relieve pressure on the knee joint. Osteotomy of knee is  carried out in case of early stages of osteoarthritis, where the damage has occurred on one side of the knee joint.

 

Hip-Osteotomy

Hip Osteotomy: Hip Osteotomy is also known as femoral osteotomy. It is usually used to treat hip dysplasia. The procedure involves adjustments made to the ball of the thighbone (femur head) and the socket (acetabulum) of the hip bone. The bones are reshaped or cut to realign the load-bearing surfaces of the “ball-and-socket” joint.

 

 

jaw osteotomy

Jaw Osteotomy: Jaw Osteotomy is carried out to realign the lower jaw (mandible) or upper jaw (maxilla). The surgery is done inside the oral cavity. Sometimes dental braces may need to be worn before and after the surgery in order to realign the teeth with reference to the newly repositioned jaw.

 

 

chin osteotomy

Chin Osteotomy: This type of osteotomy is carried out most often to extend the vertical length of the chin, which in this case is shorter than normal. It may also be used to lengthen the chin (which is more difficult with an implant) or to shorten or narrow a chin (which is impossible with an implant). The aim of chin osteotomy is to harmonize the facial profile by balancing of size and form of the lower third of face.

 

 

Why is Osteotomy Done ?

Osteotomy is done for following major reasons :-

  • Weight Distribution :

Osteotomy surgery enables transfer of weight from the damaged area to the healthy area, thereby providing optimal weight distribution.

  • Joint Alignment :

Surgery helps in alignment of  affected leg with reference to the healthy leg so that bowlegged alignment may be corrected. In hip or femoral osteotomy, the surgery helps in alignment of the hip joint and articulates it properly with the head of the thighbone so that optimal weight distribution occurs.

  • Conservation of the Joint : 

Osteotomy surgery helps in increasing  lifespan of the joint and delays the need for an artificial prosthesis. For example, in case of a knee osteotomy, the surgery may delay the need for a total knee replacement by up to 10 years.

  • Pain Relief : 

The surgery is usually done to relieve pain that arises from osteoarthritis by adjusting weight distribution in the joint.

Knee Osteotomy :

knee osteotomy surgery

In a knee osteotomy also known as High Tibial Osteotomy, a wedge of bone is either added or removed from the femur (thighbone)  or tibia (shinbone) to relieve pressure on the knee joint. Osteotomy may also be performed in combination with other types of knee surgery, such as cartilage surgery, if your leg is bowed or knock-kneed.

Knee osteotomy is recommended  when a patient has early-stage osteoarthritis that has damaged just one side of the knee joint. An osteotomy can relieve pain and significantly improve function in an arthritic knee by shifting weight off of the damaged side of the joint.

Goals that are achieved with Knee osteotomy are :

  • Transferring weight from the arthritic part of the knee to a healthy part of knee.
  • Correcting  poor knee alignment.
  • Prolonging  the life span of the knee joint.

Advantage :

  • This procedure helps in preserving your own knee anatomy.A successful osteotomy may delay the need for a joint replacement for several years.
  • There are usually no restrictions on physical activities after an osteotomy procedure.One is able to participate in activities like,high-impact exercise.

The procedure is done under general anesthesia. The surgery may take 1-2 hours.

Depending on the complexity of the surgery and how well one is recovering , one can go home the same day or stay one night in the hospital. It takes approximately two months for your bone to heal properly. And full recovery.

Hip  Osteotomy :

hip osteotomy surgery

A hip osteotomy or periacetabular osteotomy is a procedure in which the bones of the hip joint are cut, reoriented, and fixed in a new position. It is performed to correct specific deformities of the femur and the hip joint. Surgery involves cutting the bone, in order to realign it and restore a more normal anatomy, thereby addressing or preventing problems related to the deformity.

Osteotomies are usually performed in young individuals because they have active life. The surgery includes using the patient’s own tissue in order to restore joint function in the hip and eliminate pain. The procedure may also be useful for people with osteoarthritis in only one hip who are too young for a total joint replacement.

The surgery is done under general anesthesia. Based on the extent of the surgery that is done and healing that must occur to restore the pelvis to full strength, the patient’s hip may be kept from bearing the full weight of the upper body for about eight to 10 weeks. Full recovery following an osteotomy usually takes longer to about four to six months before the patient can walk without assistive devices.

Why to choose an Indian Hospital for your Osteotomy?

India is a preferred medical destination which attracts international tourists from all over the world. The available state of art technology ensures that the complex cases can be cracked with relative ease. Low costs for Osteotomy Surgeries in India ensures that the surgery is within your budget.

For more information and for getting free quote for Knee Osteotomy Surgery ,Hip Osteotomy Surgery in India ,please contact us at enquiry@medicoexperts.com or Call / WhatsApp +919769516280. MedicoExperts has helped hundreds of patients from over 15 countries and has emerged as the renowned name for facilitating the best and affordable options for your Hip replacement surgery in India.  We would be happy to assist you!

 

 

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About the Author: Priyanka Bisht

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