Fatty Liver : Reasons & Cure

fatty liver reasons and cure

There is a fair amount of guesswork to the estimates the reasons of fatty liver. According to a study it says that perhaps as many as 20% of adults have some degree of fatty liver disease, a condition that used to occur almost exclusively in people who drink excessively. Now, this disease is seen commonly in the people who never drink. It is also the area of concern that if fatty liver isn’t addressed on time it may progress to more serious liver disease leading to liver failure. In India fatty liver affects even the people who are not overweight.

What Is Fatty Liver?

whatisfattyliver

Fatty liver occurs when too much fat builds up in liver cells. Although it is normal to have a small amount of fat in these cells but as more and more fat is accumulated in liver cells and in between cells it causes more and more inflammation and injury.

Consumption of alcohol can be the reason of fatty liver but a number of fatty liver conditions fall under the category of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is becoming a common liver disease in every age group but especially in people who are in the obese category and having diabetes.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver is the initial, reversible stage of liver disease. Unfortunately, it often goes undiagnosed and may lead to a more serious liver condition known as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, or NASH and finally leading to liver cirrhosis. Liver cirrhosis is irreversible stage of liver damage and it increases the risk of liver cancer as well.

When the Liver gets fatty??

The major factors that may cause or contribute to developing fatty liver:

  • Obesity: Obesity involves low-grade inflammation that may promote liver fat storage. It’s estimated that 30–90% of obese adults have fatty liver, and it’s increasing in children due to childhood obesity.
  • Excess belly fat: Normal-weight people may develop fatty liver if they are “viscerally obese,” meaning they carry too much fat around the waist.
  • Insulin resistance: Insulin resistance and high insulin levels have been shown to increase liver fat storage in people with type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome.
  • High intake of refined carbs: Frequent intake of refined carbs promotes liver fat storage, especially when high amounts are consumed by the people who overweight or insulin-resistant.

when-fatty liver

How to reverse the Fatty Liver

Fatty liver can lead to a number of health problems. Fortunately, it can be reversed if addressed at an early stage. There are several things you can do to get rid of fatty liver, but Weight loss and especially reducing the abdomen fat will contribute a lot to lose liver fat

maintain-weight

  • Maintain a healthy weight. If you are overweight or obese, reduce the number of calories you eat each day and get more exercise. If you have a healthy weight, work to maintain it by choosing a healthy diet and exercising.

 

healthy-diet

  • Choose a healthy diet. Choose a healthy plant-based diet that’s rich in fruits, vegetables, proteins and cut down the intake of carbs and fats.

 

exercise

  • Exercise.  Physical activity can be an effective way to decrease liver fat. However, even moderate exercise can be effective at targeting liver fat. As exercise and a healthy diet will in controlling weight.

 

So majorly the Weight loss, from changes in diet and an increase in physical activity, is the primary treatment for most cases of fatty liver disease. In many cases, weight loss seems to have a very direct effect: as people lose weight, the fatty liver becomes less fatty.

In conclusion, fatty liver is increasing rapidly nowadays and may become a progressive disease leading to serious damage to the liver. Thus anyone who has fatty liver must take an expert opinion so that proper plan to control the disease can be instituted at the right time.

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About the Author: Dr Rakesh Rai

Senior consultant HPB and transplant surgeon (MBBS,MS,FRCS). He spent 15 years abroad training in HPB and transplant surgery in few of the best centers in UK and USA. He has worked as a Consultant transplant surgeon in King Fahad specialist hospital in Saudi Arab. Special Interest - Cadaveric and living donor liver and kidney transplantation, pancreas transplantation, complex hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery.

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